LEGAL SCHOLARSHIP NETWORK: LEGAL STUDIES RESEARCH PAPER SERIES
RUTGERS SCHOOL OF LAW - NEWARK
Vol. 5, No. 2: Jun 3, 2010

JOHN LEUBSDORF, EDITOR
Associate Dean for Faculty and Research Professor of Law and Judge Frederick B. Lacey Scholar, Rutgers Law School - Newark
jleubsdorf@kinoy.rutgers.edu

Browse ALL abstracts for this journal
 


LEGAL SCHOLARSHIP NETWORK: LEGAL STUDIES RESEARCH PAPER SERIES
RUTGERS SCHOOL OF LAW - NEWARK

"Evidence Law as a System of Incentives" 
Iowa Law Review, Vol. 95, No. 5, 2010
Rutgers School of Law-Newark Research Papers No. 065

JOHN LEUBSDORF, affiliation not provided to SSRN
Email: jleubsdorf@nyc.rr.com

Evidence law is usually considered ex post, from the standpoint of a judge deciding whether to admit evidence offered by a party. This article examines the law ex ante, considering how it affects the behavior of parties contemplating or conducting litigation. Seen from this perspective, the rules of Evidence give rise to a variety of incentives and disincentives. After discussing the more familiar of these, notably those arising from the adversary system, the article explores many unfamiliar incentives and disincentives affecting the creation, preservation and presentation of evidence. In conclusion, it considers some objections to viewing Evidence law as a system of incentives.

"The Right to Strike Under the United States Constitution: Theory, Practice, and Possible Implications for Canada" 
Canadian Labour and Employment Law Journal, Vol. 15, 2010
Rutgers School of Law-Newark Research Paper No. 066

JAMES GRAY POPE, Rutgers Law School - Newark
Email: jpope@kinoy.rutgers.edu

Answering the critics of the Supreme Court of Canada's judgment in B.C. Health Services, the author argues that the Court laid the foundation for a principled and durable doctrine protecting constitutional labour rights, one that goes directly to the heart of the matter -- the inequality of workers' power in the employment relation. In the author's view, two paths could lead from B.C. Health Services to the recognition of Charter protection for a right to strike: one that treats the right as an accessory to collective bargaining, and one that upholds the right directly on the basis of the Charter values of equality and participation. The author supports the latter approach, contending that constitutional rights should be defined in relation to fundamental values, in a way that is not contingent on time-bound or fact-sensitive assessments about the role of strikes within a particular collective bargaining regime. Although a Charter right to strike may involve the courts in difficult choices about when to defer to legislative policy decisions, and courts may lack the institutional capacity to deal effectively with labour law issues, the author points out that judges can look to ILO standards for expert guidance. Noting that the U.S. experience in this area might be of considerable use to Canadians, the author concludes by providing an overview of American case law concerning a constitutional right to strike.

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